There was a time when taking a perfect shot in a game of billiards could cause the ball to explode. That’s because the balls were made of celluloid, an early plastic that was, unfortunately, combustible. It was patented on this day in 1869, just a few years after the first human-made plastic, Parkesine.
When were pool balls made of ivory?
Ivory pool balls were made from the 17th century, although there were still ivories in 1875 until 1920.
What are old billiard balls made of?
Billiard balls were originally made of stone but were eventually replaced with balls made of wood and clay due to the weight of the stone itself. These balls were used until the 1600’s when ivory billiard balls became popular.
When was the first billiard ball made?
Although not the first artificial substance to be used for the balls (e.g. Sorel cement, invented in 1867, was marketed as an artificial ivory), John Wesley Hyatt invented a composition material in 1869 called nitrocellulose for billiard balls (US patent 50359, the first American patent for billiard balls).
How can you tell vintage pool balls?
The Blacklight test involves setting the ivory piece underneath a long-wave black light and taking note of the color. Plastic is going to fluoresce blue or a bluish-white underneath a blacklight so in some cases this can quickly sort out an ivory ball from an old or ‘antiqued’ plastic resin ball.
Do pool balls get old?
The average billiard balls wear out after about a year of use to a size that is no longer considered to meet specifications. The cue ball will degrade faster due to constantly being struck by cue tips. However, if your pool table isn’t subjected to much use, then your balls can last well over a year.
Why did billiard balls explode?
It was a side effect of no longer making them from ivory
There was a time when taking a perfect shot in a game of billiards could cause the ball to explode. That’s because the balls were made of celluloid, an early plastic that was, unfortunately, combustible.
Why do billiard balls turn yellow?
Most billiard balls are made of hard plastic materials that are resistant to cracking and chipping. As sometimes happens with plastics, over time exposure to UV light, combined with exposure to heat and oxygen, can cause a process called photodegradation through photooxidation.
Are old pool balls worth anything?
You can dispose of them, unless they have some sort of nostalgic value to you. There may be some more modern pool balls that boast cool patterns, or part of a limited edition set. These may be worth something but, for the most part, modern pool balls have no value.
What are the best pool balls?
The 6 Best Billiard Balls 2021
- Best Overall: Aramith Pure Phenolic Pool Balls Regulation Belgian Made Billiard Ball Set.
- Best High-End: Super Aramith TV Pro-Cup Pool Ball Set.
- Best Entry-Level: Japer Bees Pool Balls Set.
- Best Budget: Iszy Pool Table Billiard Ball Set.
- Best Splurge: Brunswick Centennial Billiard Balls.
What are 8 balls made of?
Pool Balls are made out of polyester or phenolic resin. Phenolic resin, the better material, is used only by 1 ball maker worldwide, Saluc which manufacturers the Aramith brand of billiard balls.
Why is billiards called pool?
The term billiards comes from the French. The root words are either ‘billart’ which is one of the sticks or ‘bille,’ which means ball. The sport had its beginnings way back in the 15th century in Northern Europe. The evolution to what we in America know as Pool has been long and drawn out.
Do billiard balls wear out?
Over time billiard balls do wear out due to the friction that occurs between the balls and the table itself. This friction causes the balls to diminish in size usually within one years time.
How can you tell if pool balls are ivory?
An ivory cue ball will not look like your typical cue ball made of acrylic. It may be discolored with dark lines or cracks snaking through it. When an ivory cue ball is pricked with a hot pin, it will not melt and will smell like burning hair.
What is standard size pool balls?
2 & 1/4 inch balls are full size for use on full size American Pool tables. 2 inch balls are usually used with 7 foot tables. 1 & 7/8 inch balls tend to be used with 6 foot tables.
How much are ivory billiard balls worth?
How Much Are Ivory Balls Worth. Usually, an ivory ball would sell from a price of $100 to $250.